The information on these pages is general in nature, and may contain inaccuracies. When it comes
to investing, there are two important rules to follow: If it sounds too good to be true, it probably
is, and, Never invest more money than you can afford to lose.
There are two kinds of HYIPs (High Yield Investment Programs) out there. One kind usually has
something to do with offshore banking, secret international financial rules supposedly approved
of by the US Federal Bank, or the Dept. of the Treasury, while the other usually involves
small investments and trading in shares or gold or futures or currencies. If you're approached to
participate in the first type, usually involving incredible rates of return and banking
certificates -- flee. Find the nearest phone and notify the authorities.
This type of scheme usually involves an offshore bank or investment consortium. The person trying
to get you to buy in usually makes some claim that they've found a perfectly legal loophole in
income taxes or in international lending. You're asked to put up money to buy in, with claims that
you'll receive huge payouts in 30 to 90 days. When the 90 days have expired, your contact will
make some excuse and will assure you that the money is forthcoming. He will probably also entice
you to sign up people you know, making some bizarre claim that by signing up additional people, it
will enable him to pay you what you're owed. They will frequently claim that the scheme is
perfectly legal, and utilizes secret banking rules that have been created or approved by government
authorities. There are no such secret rules. This "high yield investment program" is
really just a pyramid scheme. If you make any attempt to sign up additional people, you will
be charged with attempted fraud. Stay away. Notify the authorities immediately.
The newer type of high yield investment program involves smaller amounts of money. Most of these
programs claim to pay out 1-10% a day, or even up to 100% per month. Many of these programs are
scams, but some may actually be legit.
The early Internet HYIP programs usually involved day trading on the stock market, on futures, or
in foreign exchange. An investor could pay as little as $20 to the program, and would start
earning a percent or two each working day. You could withdraw your gains at any time, though, by
leaving the money in, compounding would cause your investment would grow, thus increasing your
Experienced day traders can and do make anywhere from 1-20% each day -- normally averaging (after
bad trades and losses) 2% each day. The money paid into a HYIP program would be pooled together,
and invested by the day (or technical) trader. Using 50% margins, where the investment
broker loans the trader an amount equal to the amount he's investing, the trader could pay out
the 1% or so each day to the HYIP investors, and still make money for himself. According to
some books on day trading, good traders are right 80% of the time, and should never lose more than
3% of their investment on the bad (or wrong) trades. This type of HYIP is sustainable and not a
scam. However, as a potential HYIP investor, you have no way of knowing if the program you're
interested in is legitimate, or is a take the money and run type of scam.
Soon, other types of HYIPs appeared. Some were based on the selling of ebooks and software. Once
again, money invested in the HYIP was pooled and spent on advertising for selling ebooks and other
downloadable products. If a business knows that for every $100 it spends in advertising, it will
earn $300 in revenue, then it can pay out 50% or so a month on the HYIP program, because it knows
with a reasonable degree of certainty that it will get the original $100 back, plus make a
pre-tax profit of $200. Such a business would want to maximize the amount of money available for
advertising, in order to maximize the amount of profits it can earn each month. In essence, they
have borrowed money from individual HYIP investors (at an exorbitant interest rate) to make
large profits as quickly as possible. This scheme works, but there's an upper limit on how long
it can be sustained, and how much money can be spent on advertising. Sooner or later, the market
for the products is saturated, and the returns on the advertising will decline sharply. At that
point in time, the business can no longer pay out the 50% per month as promised, and the HYIP
would have to be shut down.
The Forex type of HYIP is similar to the day trading type. Instead of buying and selling shares
on the stock market, the traders buy and sell currencies and currency futures. They claim to have
systems that guarantee success, but I'm not convinced that such systems exist. The Forex HYIPs can
(and do) offer higher rates of return because most Forex operations are margined up to 90% - not
just 50%. That means a 1% gain on the trade is worth 10% of the initial investment. The returns are
higher, but the risks, despite the claims, are higher too.
Other HYIPs are dubious, and should be regarded with suspicion. Some claim to be "gold games",
whatever that means, while some are really nothing more than bets. One HYIP that I looked into
promised 80% gains a day. It wasn't an investment program -- your $20 returned $36 IF the
transaction number ended with either an even or an odd digit. On even numbered days, an even
numbered transaction number would "earn" 80% of the "investment" plus the original sum. If the
transaction number was odd on an even numbered day, then your "investment" went bust and you
got nothing. Statistically, over a period of time, the "successful investments" (wins) and the
"failed investments" (losses) would even out. Since the pay outs were only 80%, over the long term,
the organizer of this scam was guaranteed to earn 20% of the money anyone foolish enough to
participate would send him. This "program" is undoubted illegal. I'm not sure if it's still going
on or not. If so, stay away.
To summarize, any HYIP program that involves offshore banks or investment groups, secret rules,
unusually high interest rates, tax shelters, etc., should be avoided at all costs. Don't get
involved with them in any way. Online HYIPs MAY be legitimate, but probably aren't.
Remember the two rules we talked about at the top of this page: If it sounds too good to be true,
it probably is, and, Never invest more money than you can afford to lose. If you want to try an
online HYIP, investigate first. Put the minimum amount in and see what happens over a period of
3-6 months. If the pay outs are consistent and on time, then maybe you have found a
legitimate HYIP. Take the money and run scammers tend to close up shop within 6 months or so,
when the money coming in tails off and the demands for late pay outs increase.
Good luck in your investing, and be very careful. Find out what is legal and what isn't before
committing to any HYIP program.
Last modified: March 6, 2007.
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